Welcome on Catherine Baroin's website !
Catherine Baroin is a social anthropologist, working at the CNRS (French National Centre for Scientific Reasearch). She studies two very different african societies, one to the North of Lake Chad, the other one in Tanzania.
Since 1969, she has studied the Tubu or Teda-Daza of Niger and Chad. These nomads herd camel, small stock and cattle on a broad arid or semi-arid territory (1 300 000 km2), which spreads from Niger to Sudan, and from Lake Chad to the South of Libya. The social organisation of these herders is entirely different from that of other Saharo-sahelian pastoralists. They marry way out of their close kinship circle, which leads to numerous livestock exchanges between families. These personal ties create a fluid web of relationships which excludes any strong leadership.
In 1992, Catherine Baroin started a second field of research in East Africa. She specialized in the study of the Rwa (Varwa), known as Wameru in northern Tanzania. These mountain farmers live on the rich south-eastern slopes of Mount Meru, facing Mount Kilimanjaro. Their intensive agriculture combines mainly coffee, bananas, maize and beans as well as the zero-grazing breeding of milch cows. Their social organisation includes patrilineal clans, age-groups, and a highly centralized political system, in a context of intense religious Christian life in a fast changing society.
In addition, Catherine is deeply involved in the international Mega-Chad network. This "International Network for Multidisciplinary Research in the Lake Chad Basin" was created in 1984; it is comprised of over 350 scientists from 20 different countries. In the thirty years since its inception, it has organised 15 international symposiums leading to numerous publications.